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Government in St Kitts & Nevis


The politics of St Kitts & Nevis takes place in the framework of an independent federal parliamentary democratic Commonwealth Realm with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state, represented in St Kitts & Nevis by a governor-general. He acts on the advice of the prime minister, who is the majority party leader in the National Assembly, and who, with a cabinet, conducts affairs of state.

The National Assembly of St Kitts & Nevis consists of one house with 11 elected members, and three appointed Senators – two on the advice of the Prime Minister, one on the advice of the Opposition Leader – if the Attorney General is not appointed as a Senator, he sits in the Assembly as an ex-officio member. Despite the difference in titles, Senators do not form a separate house.

Like its neighbours in the English-speaking Caribbean, St Kitts & Nevis has an excellent human rights record. Its judicial system is modelled on British practice and procedure and its jurisprudence on English common law.

The federation of St Kitts & Nevis is divided into 14 parishes: nine divisions on St Kitts and five on Nevis.

St Kitts & Nevis is a full and participating member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS).


Country name : conventional long form: Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
conventional short form: Saint Kitts and Nevis
former: Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
Government type : parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

: name: Basseterre
geographic coordinates: 17 18 N, 62 43 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions : 14 parishes; Christ Church Nichola Town, St Anne Sandy Point, St George Basseterre, St George Gingerland, St James Windward, Saint John Capesterre, St John Figtree, St Mary Cayon, St Paul Capesterre, St Paul Charlestown, St Peter Basseterre, St Thomas Lowland, St Thomas Middle Island, Trinity Palmetto Point
Independence : 19 September 1983 (from the UK)
National holiday : Independence Day, 19 September (1983)
Constitution : 09/19/83
Legal system
: based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage : 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch
: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Cuthbert Montraville SEBASTIAN (since 1 January 1996)
head of government: Prime Minister Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS (since 6 July 1995); Deputy Prime Minister Sam CONDOR (since 6 July 1995)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general in consultation with the prime minister
elections: the monarchy is hereditary; the governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general
Legislative branch

: unicameral National Assembly (14 seats, 3 appointed and 11 popularly elected from single-member constituencies; members serve five-year terms)
elections: last held on 25 January 2010 (next to be held by 2015)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - SKNLP 6, CCM 2, PAM 2, NRP 1
Judicial branch : Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (consisting of a Court of Appeal and a High Court; based on St Lucia; two judges of the Supreme Court reside in St Kitts & Nevis); member of the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ)
Political parties and leaders

: Concerned Citizens Movement or CCM [Vance AMORY]; Nevis Reformation Party or NRP [Joseph PARRY]; People's Action Movement or PAM [Lindsay GRANT]; St Kitts & Nevis Labour Party or SKNLP [Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS]
Political pressure groups and leaders
: NA
International organisation participation
Diplomatic representation in the US
: chief of mission: Ambassador Izben Cordinal WILLIAMS
chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016
telephone: [1] (202) 686-2636
fax: [1] (202) 686-5740
consulate(s) general: New York
Diplomatic representation from the US
: the US does not have an embassy in St Kitts & Nevis; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to St Kitts & Nevis
Flag description : divided diagonally from the lower hoist side by a broad black band bearing two white, five-pointed stars; the black band is edged in yellow; the upper triangle is green, the lower triangle is red; green signifies the island's fertility, red symbolises the struggles of the people from slavery, yellow denotes year-round sunshine, and black represents the African heritage of the people; the white stars stand for the islands of St Kitts & Nevis, but can also express hope and liberty, or independence and optimism




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